The British Film Industry is a valuable part of the UK economy and has doubled its GDP in the past 20 years in real terms. Extensive market research carried out by The British Film Institute has shown that despite the on-going recession in the UK, the film industry has continued to thrive.
The UK remains the third largest consumer market for filmed entertainment in the world; in 2013 it generated revenues in excess of £4 billion. According to a recent report by the British Video Association, the UK is predicted to overtake Japan by 2018.
The UK has masses of creative talent and there are a number or big name actors who began their careers in small Independent British films such as Keira Knightly, Ewan Mcgregor, James Cosmo and James McAvoy.The British film industry received 25 awards last year for UK films and UK film talent including 6 Oscars and 13 BAFTAs.
There are a number of institutes within the UK which offer guidance, financial support and carry out extensive research for the film industry, including: The British Film Institute and British Film Commission.
“British creativity is highly marketable, award winning and sought after. Our creative industries that draw on it are among the most influential and successful in the world, contributing £71.4 billion per year to the UK economy.”
Viscount Younger of Leckie, Minister for Intellectual Property
The British Film Commission (BFC) is the national agency with a remit to maximise and support the production of international feature film and television in the UK. The British Film Commission works in partnership with key film industry bodies and it is funded by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport through the British Film Institute and UK Trade and Investment.With offices in the UK and the US, the BFC provides free tailored production support at the highest level from the earliest stages of development through to post production, including guidance on the UK’s lucrative film and television tax reliefs and assistance with sourcing key crew, talent, facilities and locations.
The British Film Institute (BFI) is a charitable organisation established by Royal Charter in 1993 to encourage the development of the arts of film, television and the moving image throughout the United Kingdom. It is their main aim to promote education about film, television and the moving image and their impact on society, to promote access to and appreciation of the widest possible range of British and world cinema and to establish, care for and develop collections reflecting the moving image history and heritage of the United Kingdom.They award Lottery funding to film production, distribution, education, audience development and market intelligence and research.
The main terms used to describe the film making process are:
The Development stage is where a film’s life cycle starts. A story is worked into a synopsis, then a treatment (the step between scene cards and the first draft of the screenplay for a motion picture), followed by a screenplay.
The production process begins once the production budget, insurance and completion guarantees are set. The principle photography and filming of the film can take between six to sixteen weeks.
The post production process starts after the principal photography is completed. This is when the film is edited and any music, sound design, and visual effects are added to create the final product.
Once the film is finished the distribution process begins. Some films are first released to cinemas and then to other consumer media, such as Blu-Ray and DVD, other films are released straight to DVD/Blu-Ray.